All posts by maddy

Agriculture, genetic resources and traditional knowledge: A case of IPR

The relationship between agriculture, genetic resources, traditional knowledge and intellectual property rights is a contentious, on-going, issue of debate in several multilateral institutions. These include the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), the Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties (CBD COP), and the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
This case study being undertaken for the project, the research will examine the role of NGOs in the debate on the relationship between intellectual property rights, agriculture, genetic resources and traditional knowledge. The research will gather evidence on NGO engagement with multilateral institutions on these issues…read ahead

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Distribution Management for spare parts- solving the problem with fluctuating demand

A general purpose of this thesis can be defined as to examine and evaluate the possibilities to solve the problem with fluctuating demand on spare parts from the local sales subsidiaries in the three big markets in Europe. A secondary, more specific, purpose of this thesis is to investigate what the possibilities are to implement direct distribution of spare parts to these countries and what the implications of such an action would be.
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Capital budgeting: Analysis of the role of formal evaluation techniques in the decision making process

Finance theory recommends that managers should undertake capital investment projects only if they add to the value of the firm. If we assume that managers act so to maximize the value of the firm, managers should then identify, and undertake, all projects that add value to the company so as to maximise shareholder value. This theory of capital investment decision-making implies that managers should establish the expected value that a project is expected to create. This should be done through the use of value based or discounted cash flow (DCF) techniques, in particular, the net present value (NPV) approach.1 Capital investment decisions should then be based on these estimates of value. Read more…

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The Change of Disclosures over Time – a Case Study of the Volvo Group

Historically, the amount of information in the financialreports has increased substantially, which is partly due to changes in regulations. It is ofinterest for the company to produce financial information for several reasons. With the substantial increase inamount of information in mind, one can ask when the costs of regulation are higher thanthe benefits. To be able to answer such a question, one must first study the change ofinformation over time to see what changes there have been…click here to refer the case

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OECD Case Study on Innovation: The Dutch Pharmaceutical and Food Biotechnology Innovation Systems

The ‘innovation system’ concept has gained increasing attention during the past ten years, both from researchers and policy makers. In particular the National Innovation Systems approach has provided a framework for the assessment of the organisation of innovation processes, the innovation performance of countries, and the role of framework conditions, including public policy. The OECD has contributed a great deal to our understanding of the innovation systems approach and its relevance for policy making. The results of OECD studies on innovation systems have been reported in a number of publications, e.g. National Innovation Systems (OECD, 1997), Managing National Innovation Systems (OECD, 1999a), Boosting Innovation: The Cluster Approach (1999b), and recently Dynamising National Innovation Systems (2002a).

One very important conclusion that can be drawn from the OECD’s work on national innovation systems is that too generic public policies can lead to misfits as they are not tuned to the specific characteristics of the technological or sectoral innovation systems at hand. The development of new policies needs to take into account the specific idiosyncratic properties of an innovation system. These properties are to a very large extent caused by the specific characteristics of sectors and technologies that constitute the national system.
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Role of statistics & computers in agricultureal reasearch

Agri research has played a vital role in in development of statistical methods. I is indeed true that the statistical tools have wide applicability to almost any branch of science dealing with thw uncertain phenomenon involving aggregates. With the advent of computers & combination of statistical tools & computer technology, has it actually helped agricultural research?
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Self-governance for a better livelihood: a case study of the Rai Dong Village

A large share of the land in northern Thailand has been left unused through speculative landowners and state ownership. Since 1997 landless villagers have started to systematically occupy the unused land in order to improve their livelihood. It has generated a series of disputes between the villagers, the landowners, and the government. click here for details

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Illegal immigrants or Illegal Refugees? A Study of the Refugee Protection for Burmese Refugees in Thailand.

The case investigate the structural circumstances regarding the poor refugee protection for Burmese refugees in Thailand. Acknowledging that existing laws are politically motivated, the first part of this thesis examines the political context that determines the structure of the legal framework. The second part of the thesis scrutinizes the juridical framework concerning refugees, namely international law, regional instruments and Thai national law. The conclusion suggests that the Royal Thai Government’s political stance can be seen as a result of non ratification of International Conventions as well as an undermining of refugee protection in national Thai law. Theoretically, the thesis approaches the issue from a realist perspective and applies concepts of state sovereignty and national security to address the matter. Through such an approach, refugees are considered as threatening to national stability and integrity in Thailand. The case study assumes that more general conclusions can be made concerning the tendencies of states to prioritise its own interests above humanitarian principles, such as Human Rights, which can have a negative effect on refugees in need of protection. Read More…

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