The total annual average water resource volume in China is estimated at approximately 2.8 trillion cubic meters, making China the fourth largest source for water in the world. However, the water resource volume per capita is 2,200 cubic meters. In this respect, China ranks 88th in the world and has only one-quarter of the global average of water per capita because of its large population. China’s forecasted population growth to 1.6 billion in the mid-21st century will decrease the per capita water resource to 1,760cubic meters, presaging serious water shortages. Read more..
In Pakistan, transportation demand in urban areas continue to increase rapidly as a result of both population growth and changes in travel patterns. As it approaches the 21st century, the urban areas in the country confronts a historic transportation crisis that has become a planning war against increasing mobility, gridlock and air pollution. Given the financial restrictions and environmental concerns, it appears unlikely that this demand can be accommodated without dramatic changes in transport policies. The principal urban transportation policy needs to adopt a comprehensive strategy for achieving mobility and air quality mandates. Read more..
Cargill got its start as a single grain elevator in Iowa in 1865. Today, headquartered just outside of Minneapolis, it is one of the world’s largest privately owned companies with 90 different businesses around the globe. As the organization continues to grow in the 21st century, it is doing so with a customersatisfaction strategy that involves fully tapping the creative energies of its workforce.
“Building a powerful innovation culture in our business units is an important long-range goal for Cargill,” said Ipek Uzer of the company’s Organization Effectiveness Group. Cargill began working toward this ambitious objective several years ago by developing an Employee Engagement Survey to measure critical factors in the work environment. Once a year, all 97,000 employees are given the survey. The findings of the survey are then used to identify specific areas for change. Click here to read more…
In 1990 the Bank of Montreal adopted a new corporate strategic plan to guide the Bank into the 21st century: to create an organization capable of constantly learning and transforming itself. When the Chairman of the Bank of Montreal commissioned Moriyama & Teshima to design the Bank’s new corporate university, he wanted more than just a building. He wanted us to help evolve a new bank culture where employees would be encouraged to strive for creativity, excellence, and teamwork. Click here to read more…
Cargill got its start as a single grain elevator in Iowa in 1865. Today, headquartered just outside of Minneapolis, it is one of the world’s largest privately owned companies with 90 different businesses around the globe. As the organization continues to grow in the 21st century, it is doing so with a customersatisfaction strategy that involves fully tapping the creative energies of its workforce. “Building a powerful innovation culture in our business units is an important long-range goal for Cargill,” said Ipek Uzer of the company’s Organization Effectiveness Group.
Cargill began working toward this ambitious objective several years ago by developing an Employee Engagement Survey to measure critical factors in the work environment. Once a year, all 97,000 employees are given the survey. The findings of the survey are then used to identify specific areas for change. The company’s commitment is reflected in the way it has established a full developmental process, augmenting the work of the annual survey through the addition of different creativity-improving instruments.
One of these tools, the Center for Creative Leadership’s KEYS® to Creativity, is helping Cargill assess how it’s doing in terms of promoting or inhibiting creativity and innovation. The organizational assessment tool is being used by the company’s different business units to make positive changes; the biggest project to date has involved some 500 employees at three Cargill facilities in Turkey. Click here to read more…
In the early 21st century a greater focus on intangible assets is gaining ground. This marks a paradigm shift in how intangible assets – specifically, Intellectual Property (IP) – are viewed from an economic standpoint. Patents, while once viewed as tools used primarily for the prevention of copying of inventions, have now become business assets that can be aggregated to defend market shares or even entire markets.
Naturally, these modern business assets are of great interest to investors and have thus become subject to valuation and trade in much the same manner as securities, or even commodities. This paper introduces emerging business models in this arena and suggests measures that technology companies might take to protect market shares in view of the new economic landscape. Click here to read more…
This case describes Sony Corporation’s (Sony) entry into the handheld gaming market in 2004 with the launch of the Playstation Portable (PSP). It discusses in depth the strategy used by Sony to gain market share from its chief rival Nintendo which had dominated the handheld market with its GameBoy series since 1998. Click here to read more…
Case Study about Achieving Excellence in Engineering Education
Executive Summary: – An arrangement of reports from The Imperial Foundation of Designing has showed that change in undergraduate designing training is critically demanded to guarantee graduates remain furnished for the new and complex tests of the 21st century. Notwithstanding, the vital conversion in the structure and conveyance of undergraduate procurement has yet to occur over the division. There is a developing thankfulness that the moderate pace of progress reflects the challenges of catalysing and supporting instructive change inside designing branches and schools. The case for change is recognised; the test is to get it going. The pressing issue for building training is not if yet howto change.
The report draws on the encounters of the aforementioned included in major programmes of building training change over the planet with the point of refining the normal characteristics of victory and disappointment. Firstly, meetings were directed with 70 worldwide masters from 15 nations, each with direct knowledge of educational module change in building. The meetings gave knowledge into an extensive variety of samples of curricular change from over the planet, offering an abnormal amount perspective of the characteristics connected with fruitful and unsuccessful change. Besides, six cases were chosen from those recognized through the master talks with to examine in portion how critical instructive change might be attained. The six research endeavors are all highlyregarded, chose to furnish a range of drivers for change, change techniques, levels of desire, topographical areas and arranges in the change methodology. A further 117 people were counseled for these careful investigations. Keep reading…
A Studies about the Structural Model of National Innovation Capability
Abstract: National innovation system plays a crucial role in economic development, yet previous studies are mainly focused on its theoretical framework reviews. From the system’s point of view, it lacks any relevant study on the structural components of the national innovation capability. This study adopts a systematic approach to verify that the national innovation capability is consist of innovation resources, innovation demands, innovation diffusion and innovation outputs. In addition, it’s also important to start from the perspective of the policymakers for the analysis of the national innovation system.
Introduction: Global economic development in the 21st century has been increasingly dependent on the production, diffusion and dissemination of knowledge, and innovation based on knowledge and information has thus become the important means to maintain competitive advantage (Malerba, 2005). Due to the complex interactive relationship between the individual elements of a knowledge innovation system, British scholar Freeman proposed the concept of the national innovation system for the first time in 1987. Keep reading..
A Study on Sustainable Social-Ecological Systems: An Impossibility?
Abstract: Given rapid changes in large-scale human and biophysical processes—carbon emissions, population increase and migrations, over harvesting and pollution leading to loss of species—scientists are worried that many of the social-ecological systems existing today may collapse by the end of the 21st century. Is this an exaggerated worry? The thesis I will present is that the negative prognosis will indeed occur in many parts of the world if we do not worry a great deal about these processes and their consequences.
More important than simply worrying, however, is the development of a strong diagnostic method for analyzing the diversity of processes and the multiplicity of potential social and biophysical solutions that are needed to cope effectively with these varied processes. Past efforts to impose simple solutions to these complex problems have frequently led to worse outcomes than the problems addressed.. Read more on Sustainable Social-Ecological Systems..