Tag Archives: Biodiversity

A Case Study on Biodiversity Conservation

In brief, we learn that deforestation for implanting pastures is probably not economically justifiable at the individual rancher level and certainly not at greater spatial levels. We also show that wood extraction is not likely to be economically feasible for most landowners.

We learn that policy interventions to encourage biological diversity at the local level may focus upon informational barriers, conservation education and maximizing the sustainable, managed harvest of extractive and non-extractive goods and services other than cattle ranching. Finally, we learn that justification exists for integrating environmental policy in the Pantanal from local through, potentially international levels due to the global value of the Pantanal’s unique natural environment. Click here to read more…

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Case Study for Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme

Case Study: Index

>Executive Summary
>Project Context
>Project Summary
>Business Case For A Biodiversity Offset
>Next Steps
>Literature Cited

Executive Summary: Newmont Golden Ridge Limited (NGRL), a subsidiary of Newmont Mining Corporation (the Company), is proposing to develop gold reserves at the Akyem Project site in the Birim North District of the Eastern Region of Ghana, West Africa. The site is located approximately 3 kilometres west of the district capital New Abirem, 133 kilometres west of Koforidua the regional capital, and 180 kilometres northwest of Accra, the national capital. The proposed Project is currently in the planning stages…

Introduction: Newmont Golden Ridge Limited (NGRL or the “Company”), a subsidiary of Newmont Mining Corporation (Newmont), is proposing to develop gold reserves at the Akyem Project (the “Project”) site in the Birim North District of the Eastern Region of Ghana, West Africa. The Project is located approximately 3 kilometres west of the district capital New Abirem, 133 kilometres west of Koforidua, the regional capital, and 180 kilometres northwest of Accra, the national capital. The proposed development lies within an area belonging to the Akyem Kotoku Paramountcy…

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[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfBwKpNgNFI&w=420&h=315]

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Case Study on Expansion of Industrial Logging in Central Africa

Case Study about Expansion of Industrial Logging in Central Africa

Central Africa’s dense humid forests have long been regarded as among the most pristine on Earth, but in recent decades industrial logging has become the most extensive form of land use in the region. Currently more than 600,000 km2 (30%) of forest are under logging concessions, whereas just 12% is protected.

Logging-related disturbance in the region alters ecosystem composition and biodiversity (1), opens remote areas to poaching (2), and modifies numerous functional attributes of the ecosystem (3). Laws and regulations are in place to improve forest management at national and regional scales, but limited resources are available to enforce regulations or to provide technical support (4). Here, we report on the use of over 300 Landsat satellite images, covering 4 million km2 , to track the progression of logging roads for three decades preceding 2003 (5). We document accelerating rates of logging road construction in much of the region and show that monitoring with satellite remote sensing provides a practica l approach to map changes associated with logging activities. Keep reading..

A Study Report on Technology Transfer

Study about Technology Transfer

Technology transfer (TT) is a topic of fundamental importance for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD closely interlinks provisions on TT in Articles 16 (Access to and Transfer of Technology) and 19 (Handling of Biotechnology and Distribution of its Benefits) along with Articles 12 (Research and Training), 17 (Exchange of Information), and 18 (Technical and Scientific Cooperation).

On item IX/4.2. ‘Technology transfer and Cooperation’ SBSTTA IX has proposed that the clearing-house mechanism (CHM) should be a central mechanism for exchange of information on technologies, for facilitating TT and cooperation and to promote and facilitate technical and scientific cooperation relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and fortechnologies that make use of genetic resources. keep reading….

Case Studies on Bioenergy Policy and Law: Options for Sustainability

Discourse on potential opportunities and risks has increasingly propelled bioenergy high onto the legislative and policy-making agendas of governments around the world. At a time of rising fossil fuel and food prices, and ever-increasing international attention on climate change mitigation, the production and use of bioenergy has been analysed against its potential economic, social and environmental implications.

The nature of bioenergy production and consumption brings together the agricultural and energy sectors; both impact (and are affected by) laws and policies on forestry, biodiversity and the environment, rural development, food security, trade, land management and land-use planning, and labour. Although perspectives vary significantly on the interactions between bioenergy and each of these areas, integrated policy action (through programmes or laws) is increasingly recognized as an essential element to ensure long-term sustainability of biofuel production vis-à-vis food security goals, agricultural and rural development and environmental sustainability. Click here to read more…

Case Study about Acid Mine Drainage

Abstract: This paper describes Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) generation and its associated technical issues. As AMD is recognized as one of the more serious environmental problems in the mining industry, its causes, prediction and treatment have become the focus of a number of research initiatives commissioned by governments, the mining industry, universities and research establishments, with additional inputs from the general public and environmental groups. In industry, contamination from AMD is associated with construction, civil engineering mining and quarrying activities…

Introduction: The mining of certain minerals, including gold, copper, and nickel, is associated with acid drainage problems that can cause long-term impairment to waterways and biodiversity. Furthermore, some effluents generated by the metals mining industry contain large quantities of toxic substances, such as cyanides and heavy metals, which have serious human health and ecological implications…
Learn more on Acid Mine Drainage

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Case Study of Mineral Resources Management

Background: The World Bank’s Oil, Gas, Mining and Chemicals Department provide policy advice to governments worldwide on one of the most globally recognized issues – the development of mineral resources. Dynamic Mineral Resources Management describes the conceptual foundations of an approach being tested by the World Bank staff to better estimate the potential for mineral resources to contribute to the fight against poverty…

Approach: The proposed approach being developed and tested by World Bank staff employs a dynamic system as resource policies, land-uses, ecosystems, and socioeconomic factors change through time. Geographic information system (GIS) technology can integrate data on mineral resources, hydrology, ecosystem, biodiversity, and alternative land-uses. Once constructed, a dynamic mineral resource management system requires only adjustments to economic inputs going forward…
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Traditional Knowledge Vs. Patent System

Traditional knowledge (TK) is in simple terms knowledge systems held by indigenous communities, often relating to their surrounding natural environment. Through globalisation and the increased availability of this knowledge as well as the implementation of intellectual property systems in the developing world TK and its relationship with the IPR-system has become a much debated and highly complicated issue. Patents have been granted with knowledge that stems from TK, some of these patents have been challenged and accused of being examples of ”biopiracy”. The task of attempting to better adjust the patent system to TK is being undertaken for the most part by working groups attached to the Convention on Biodiversity and the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore. Due to amongst other things, the controversy of biopiracy much of the debate has been mired in what can be seen as post-colonial anger and guilt, it is highly politicised and often far removed from the legal issues at hand. This thesis attempts at reclaiming the issue from the political arena and approach the imperfect interaction between the two knowledge systems as a legal problem instead of a political one.
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