Tag Archives: Biological Diversity

A Case Study on Biodiversity Conservation

In brief, we learn that deforestation for implanting pastures is probably not economically justifiable at the individual rancher level and certainly not at greater spatial levels. We also show that wood extraction is not likely to be economically feasible for most landowners.

We learn that policy interventions to encourage biological diversity at the local level may focus upon informational barriers, conservation education and maximizing the sustainable, managed harvest of extractive and non-extractive goods and services other than cattle ranching. Finally, we learn that justification exists for integrating environmental policy in the Pantanal from local through, potentially international levels due to the global value of the Pantanal’s unique natural environment. Click here to read more…

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Case Study for Conservation of Biodiversity and Sustainability

Case Study: Index

>Overview
>Identification of the causes of pressure on biological diversity
>Selected incentives
>Requirements for incentive program implementation
>Process of implementation
>Effects of the measures employed
>Lessons learned
>Bibliographical references


Overview: At more than 138,000 km2 and coursed by a dozen principal rivers the Brazilian Pantanal is known as the largest freshwater wetland in the world. The Pantanal is located within the 362,000 km2 Upper Paraguay River Basin (UPRB) in the geographical center of South America and at the headwaters of the Silver Basin. The UPRB lies between 59o and 53o West Longitude and 14o and 22o South Latitude and is bordered by the Amazon River Basin to the North, the Bolivian and Paraguayan Lowlands to the West and Southwest and the Parana River Basin to the East…






Identification of the causes of pressure on biological diversity: Other than the above quoted constitutional consideration, two federal policies may be considered to have particular influence on ecosystem health in the Pantanal; monetary and agricultural land use policy. Since 1994 the “Plan Real” has been Brazil’s national monetary policy. Until early 1999, the policy was intended to counter the reality and psychology of hyperinflation through active support of the new national currency, the Real…
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Case Studies on Agricultural Biological Diversity

Case Studies about Agricultural Biological Diversity

Background: The programme of work on agricultural biodiversity, adopted by the Conference of Parties in decision V/5, makes provision for case studies on various topics to identify management practices, technologies and policies that promote the positive and mitigate the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity, and enhance productivity and the capacity to sustain livelihoods. Keep reading..



 

Case Study of Ecosystem Services

Executive Summary: Ecosystem services – The multiple benefits provided to society by ecosystems have been developing as a branch of science and policy since the late 1980s. The ‘ecosystems approach’, a planning paradigm founded on the basis of ecosystem services and the optimisation of benefits to their many beneficiaries (including future generations), has been promoted by various international bodies including the Commission on Biological Diversity. Significantly, the UN’s Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) integrated various strands of ecosystem service science into a standardised set of ‘services’, generically applicable across habitat types and geographical zones…






Background: Ecosystem services describe the multiple beneficial ‘services’ derived by society from ecosystems. These services are many and substantial, underpinning basic human health and survival needs as well as supporting economic activities, the fulfilment of potential and enjoyment of life. The essence of the ‘ecosystems approach’ – that is, management of whole ecosystems and their benefits using the framework of ecosystem services – is to determine multiple, simultaneous benefits, such that realisation of one benefit is not achieved through the inadvertent degradation of other benefits with net harm to other beneficiaries…
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