Tag Archives: Justification

A Case Study on Biodiversity Conservation

In brief, we learn that deforestation for implanting pastures is probably not economically justifiable at the individual rancher level and certainly not at greater spatial levels. We also show that wood extraction is not likely to be economically feasible for most landowners.

We learn that policy interventions to encourage biological diversity at the local level may focus upon informational barriers, conservation education and maximizing the sustainable, managed harvest of extractive and non-extractive goods and services other than cattle ranching. Finally, we learn that justification exists for integrating environmental policy in the Pantanal from local through, potentially international levels due to the global value of the Pantanal’s unique natural environment. Click here to read more…

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Case Study on Stakeholder Participation

Case Study about Stakeholder Participation

Executive Summary: The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is ‘an instrument voluntarily acceded to by Member States of the African Union as an African self-monitoring mechanism’. Its primary purpose is to foster the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to the attainment of the objectives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). APRM promotes stakeholder participation in the assessment and improvement of governance in participating countries, and thus promotes the practice of democratic governance. This paper holds that democratic governance is critical for the attainment of sustainable human development as it promotes participation of all stakeholders in taking decisions that affect them, e.g. decisions on allocation of available resources

Background and Justification of the Study: The various development agendas drawn over the years for Africa seem to have focused on economic growth, with little attention on governance. Despite these efforts the continent has seen little success, but rather many intra-country and in some cases inter-country conflicts which often relate to power and control of resources. These occurrences, along with others factors, have highlighted the importance of governance at all levels. However, there is a growing perception across the globe, particularly in Africa, that governance is becoming the domain of a small elite of society who manipulate it to their sectarian advantage, to the detriment of society in general. Keep reading…

Case Study in Teamwork: Metropolitan College

Case Study: Metropolitan College: Teamwork

Metropolitan College is a four-year undergraduate college officering bachelor’s degree in nursing, science (biology, computer science, chemistry, physics), arts and literature. The school is located in rural areas of state of Nevada. Being a rural private school it has limited budget and therefore they have not computerized all aspects of the college operation yet. One of the centers that perform their work manually is the alumni center.

Recently one of the local businessmen has donated $50,000 to the college. The college administration has decided to use all or portion of that money to computerize the alumni center record keeping. The justification was that if the alumni newsletter is published on time and the labels are generated quickly and mailed on time then there is a possibility of generating more money.

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Case Study for Cultural Industries Production System

Abstract: The cultural industries sector employed 4.5% of all employees in Britain in 1991: equal in size to the construction industry, or to the combined employment in the Agricultural, and the Extractive Industries. However, this sector has remained relatively under analyzed in both the geographical and planning literature. The paper begins by defining the Cultural Industries Production System (CIPS). The second part operationalizes this definition with respect to secondary sources on employment in the CIPS in Britain. The third part considers the change in the employment structure of the CIPS between 1984 and 1991, and finally, the paper addresses the regional patterns of employment in the CIPS with particular emphasis upon London and the South East.

Introduction: Despite the diverse labours of a small group of cultural economists, sociologists of art, and scholars of communications studies the accepted wisdom remains that cultural industrial production is both ephemeral to developed economies, and/or dependent upon more productive parts of those same economies. As a result these industries have seldom been considered deserving of serious or rigorous academic analysis. Where analyses have been carried out they have commonly focused on individual industries, or parts thereof, rather than the broader cultural industries production system. Historically, there may have been some justification in such a stance. However, such a position is now difficult to sustain given the recent growth of the cultural industries in terms of their volume, value and range of output. In addition to this absolute growth, in many developed economies the relative importance of the cultural industries has grown as de industrialization has occurred..

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A Case Study Using the Big Brothers Big Sisters Mentoring Program

Abstract: This paper reviews the method for estimating the rate of return to educational investments. It begins with a justification for using rate of return analysis to evaluate educational programs. Problems and difficulties with the method are also considered. In the main component of our paper we evaluate the mentoring program Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS), using rate of return analysis.

Introduction: This paper contributes to the literature on the economic evaluation of educational programs. To Economists, it is widely accepted that education is an investment that yields a rate of return; the conventional estimation method is to calculate the discounted earnings premium (net of cost) for each additional year of education. This method has been used intensively, with hundreds of estimates of earnings premia over time, across countries, and across cohorts. Click here to read more…

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Business Cases On Change Management

Why should a business case be written?

The most obvious reason for putting together a business case is to justify the resources and capital investment necessary to bring a change project to fruition. However, this implies that the business case is simply a financial document. While all business cases should include financial justification, it should not be the only purpose of the document.

The business case is the one place where all relevant facts are documented and linked together into a cohesive story. This story tells people about the what, when, where, how and why.

Why is the project needed (issues & opportunities)?
How will the effort solve the issues or opportunities facing the organization?
What is the recommended solution(s)?
How does the solution address the issues or opportunities (benefits)?
What will happen to the business if the BPR effort is not undertaken (the do nothing scenario)?
When will the solutions be deployed
How much money, people, and time will be needed to deliver the solution and realize the benefits?

What are the three roles of a business case?

The writing of the business case forces the team to sit back and reflect on all of the work they have so diligently completed. It is far too easy for the team to continue to plug away toward the end result and fail to document the work they’ve already accomplished. This is especially true during the concept and design stages of any project. Therefore, the business case serves as a wake-up call to the team causing them to capture the knowledge they’ve developed about how the business will function both with and without the final solution.

The second role of the business case is to verify that the solution substantiates or meets the needs of the business, and is the vehicle for receiving funding and approval to move forward. It provides a vehicle for the team to step back and subjectively review their facts and assumptions. In addition, it is vital that the team document what would happen to the business if the project is not undertaken. This base case or “do nothing” scenario is the foundation upon which all benefits from the effort are derived. By documenting everything together in one story, it is easy to link the issues to the solution and the benefit, and identify where the business would be without the project. The development of the overall business case simplifies the development of the financial justification, and will usually identify holes or problems with the solution. Moreover, you now have a way to measure your success. This analysis also is useful for your leadership team to prioritize this project against the many other initiatives in the business that may require capital investment.

The final important role that the business case plays is to provide a consistent message to many different audiences. It is a high level view of the entire project and enables all organizations affected by the effort (customers, management, operations, research & development, service, sales, accounting, finance, etc.) to be knowledgeable about the project.

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