Tag Archives: U S Epa

A Case Study on Lean Manufacturing Strategies

Over the past several years U.S. EPA’s Office of Reinvention has been involved in a number of “regulatory responsiveness” initiatives. These include the Common Sense Initiative, Project XL, and Pollution Prevention in Permitting Program (P4). In working with a variety of businesses in the context of these initiatives, certain project participants noted that corporate manufacturing strategies and initiatives often produced substantial resource productivity enhancements.

At the same time, the responsiveness and continuous improvement aspects of these strategies were driving on-going modifications to operating equipment and operating parameters that could be subject to new environmental permitting and/or modifications to existing permits. This meant that desired changes could be subject to regulatory bottlenecks (in terms of time, uncertainty, and administrative costs) that could constrain responsiveness, continuous improvement, and, ultimately resource productivity gains. Click here to read more…

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A Case Study on Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions

A Case Study about Development of Data Collection Tool and Calculation of Emissions: Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Abstract: The absence of federal greenhouse gas (GHG) regulation in the United States has not diminished the importance of businesses assessing their impact on global climate change. Growing concern among shareholder and investor groups has motivated many organizations to quantify their greenhouse (GHG) emissions and commit to GHG reductions. Accurate quantification and detailed documentation of GHG emissions data enables a company to demonstrate transparency and enhance the credibility of its corporate climate change strategy. Establishing a comprehensive corporate GHG inventory is an important first step in developing a climate change strategy. However, conducting a baseline corporate GHG inventory can be a challenging process, particularly with respect to data gathering and data validation.

Introduction: The management of GHG emissions requires accurate quantification of these emissions. The corporate GHG initiatives undertaken by companies are most successful if defined protocols are followed. The protocol guidance can be derived from one of the several protocols published by U.S. EPA, state registries, or established research and focus groups. Based on cumulative guidance derived from these protocols, an organization can also develop and implement a custom GHG inventory protocol that meets their business needs. A custom GHG protocol is useful in that it provides an internal guideline to the organization which is highly specific to the organization and addresses unique assumptions or approaches used by the organization. Read more in Greenhouse Gas Emissions

A Case Study on Environmental Protection Agency Methodology

Case Study about Environmental Protection Agency Methodology

Executive Summary: The United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (U.S. EPA) recently released “Quantitative Health Risk Assessment for Particulate Matter” provides national estimates of premature mortality associated with fine particulate matter pollution, supported by its finding that the scientific evidence shows a causal connection between mortality and exposure to PM2.5. This report describes the U.S. EPA’s risk assessment methodology for calculating premature mortality, and its 2009 Integrated Science Assessment for particulate matter that provides the underlying scientific basis for the calculations. These U.S. EPA reports were prepared as part of U.S. EPA’s periodic review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for particulate matter.

Overview: As part of U.S. EPA’s last NAAQS review completed in 2006, the agency conducted a risk assessment to quantify various health effects associated with particulate matter, including premature mortality. That assessment focused on nine urban areas and included estimates of risk of total mortality (nonaccidental), cardiovascular-related, and respiratory-related mortality. U.S. EPA’s June 2010 Quantitative Health Risk Assessment for Particulate Matter also includes estimates of premature mortality associated with long-term exposure to PM2.5. The risk assessment relies on the December 2009 Integrated Science Assessment which was peer reviewed by CASAC. The risk assessment includes a national scale analysis as well as a case study analysis of 15 urban areas, including Los Angeles and Fresno.

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